Regional trade agreements refer to a treaty signed by two or more countries to promote the free movement of goods and services across the borders of its members. Agreement with internal rules that Member States comply with each other. As regards relations with third countries, there are external rules with which members comply. Regional trade agreements are multiplying and changing in nature. Fifty trade agreements were in force in 1990. In 2017, there were more than 280. In many trade agreements, negotiations today go beyond tariffs and cover several policies that influence trade and investment in goods and services, including rules across the border, such as competition policy, government procurement rules and intellectual property rights. ASAs covering tariffs and other border measures are «superficial» agreements; THE RTAs, which cover a larger group of policies, at and below the border, are «deep» agreements. Regional trade agreements vary according to the level of commitment and agreement between Member States. Regional trade agreements (SAAs) now cover more than half of international trade and coincide with global multilateral agreements within the framework of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
In recent years, many countries have actively attempted to establish new bilateral and regional — and often more modern and advanced — trade agreements aimed at increasing trade and stimulating economic growth. The current dissemination of SPAs partly reflects the need for deeper integration than has been achieved through older multilateral agreements. A customs union agreement is an agreement between two or more neighbouring countries aimed at eliminating barriers to trade, reducing or eliminating customs duties and eliminating quotas. These trade unions were defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and constitute the third stage of economic integration. Removal of barriers to trade between them and adoption of common barriers to foreign trade. The African Union is an organization of regional, social and economic cooperation. The website provides detailed information on all major economic cooperation programmes in Africa. Information includes participating countries, official documents, major events and press releases. . . .